Elaborate embroidered panels such as this, known as samplers, were made by young girls as a compendium of needlework. By the sixteenth century, the tradition was firmly established in Europe. This is one of the two earliest known Mexican samplers. The inclusion of a roundel with the Immaculate Conception suggests it was made in a convent school. It also includes a pelican feeding its young, a symbol of the Eucharist, as well as embroidered images of the sun, moon, and stars—motifs associated with the Immaculate Conception— among other whimsical details.
From exhibition Archive of the World, 2022 (for more information see the catalogue entry by Alejandra Mayela Flores Enríquez in the accompanying publication, cat. no. 93, pp. 346–50)