The Twelve Months of the Year (Los doce meses del año)

* Nearly 20,000 images of artworks the museum believes to be in the public domain are available to download on this site. Other images may be protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights. By using any of these images you agree to LACMA's Terms of Use.

The Twelve Months of the Year (Los doce meses del año)

Mexico, second half of 17th century
Paintings
Oil on canvas
31 7/8 × 38 in. (80.96 × 96.52 cm) Frame (LE Inventory): 40 1/4 × 46 1/2 × 2 3/8 in. (102.24 × 118.11 × 6.03 cm)
Purchased with funds provided by the Bernard and Edith Lewin Collection of Mexican Art Deaccession Fund (M.2008.30.4)
Not currently on public view

Curator Notes

Paintings of the twelve months derive from traditional medieval Books of Hours, and were popularized in sixteenth and seventeenth-century Flemish painting.

...

Paintings of the twelve months derive from traditional medieval Books of Hours, and were popularized in sixteenth and seventeenth-century Flemish painting. Antonio de Espinosa was probably an apprentice of Flemish master Diego de Borgraf (1618–1686), who arrived in Puebla, Mexico, in 1640 in the retinue of Archbishop Juan de Palafox y Mendoza. Espinosa’s set follows European models—especially prints by Adriaen Collaert (1555–1623), Aegidius Sadeler II (1570–1629), and Jan Collaert (1555–1623) after compositions by Joos de Momper the Younger (1564–1635) and Paul Bril (c. 1554–1626). He also introduced a number of variants, including figures who appear to resemble indigenous Mexican people rather than Europeans in the canvas corresponding to May and June. The fluid combination of elements accounts for the great originality of the set.

- Ilona Katzew 2014
More...