Microcosm and Macrocosm

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Microcosm and Macrocosm

United States, 1937
Paintings
Oil on Masonite
Framed: 37 x 19 1/2 x 1 5/8 in. (93.98 x 49.53 x 4.1275 cm); Sight: 28 1/4 x 13 3/4 in. (71.755 x 34.925 cm)
Purchased with funds provided by Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Honeyman, Jr. (M.2003.50)
Not currently on public view

About The Era

The beginning of every century inspires a general sentiment of endless possibilities, and the twentieth century was no exception....
The beginning of every century inspires a general sentiment of endless possibilities, and the twentieth century was no exception. A modern age marked by technological wonders had begun, and the United States was to be its focal point. Lewis Mumford, one of the country’s most brilliant thinkers, explained that, unlike Europe, “the New World expanded the human imagination.” Young American students still traveled to Europe, especially Paris, for their initiation to art, but the progressive new ideas of cubism, futurism, and surrealism that they imbibed only found their true home in the United States.
As demonstrated by the first generation of modernists in the circle of Alfred Stieglitz, American artists rarely abandoned referential ties to the physical world completely. The simplification of form, multiple perspectives, and ideas about the fourth dimension that radical proponents of cubism espoused would find their most compelling American expressions in the fishermen of Marsden Hartley, and the animal bones and skulls of Georgia O’Keeffe. To these artists, abstraction meant the synthesis of personal experience.
The introduction of psychological ideas, first in the form of Sigmund Freud’s discussion of the unconscious and later in the writings and art of the surrealists, found an enthusiastic audience in America. Such new concepts not only expanded ideas about the human mind but also encouraged the liberation of social conduct, in particular, sexual mores. Women increasingly became involved in creative aspects of the new modern age. In 1934 the Los Angeles artists Helen Lundeberg and Lorser Feitelson issued the only surrealist manifesto to appear in the United States, thereby demonstrating that in a relatively short time California had seriously challenged New York as the leader of the brave new world.
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Bibliography

  • About the Era.
  • Arts of Southern California - XIV: Early Moderns. Long Beach: Long Beach Museum of Art, 1963.
  • Fort, Ilene Susan, and Michael Duncan. Helen Lundeberg: A Retrospective. Laguna Beach, California: Laguna Art Museum, 2016.
  • About the Era.
  • Arts of Southern California - XIV: Early Moderns. Long Beach: Long Beach Museum of Art, 1963.
  • Fort, Ilene Susan, and Michael Duncan. Helen Lundeberg: A Retrospective. Laguna Beach, California: Laguna Art Museum, 2016.
  • Muchnic, Suzanne. Helen Lundeberg: Poetry Space Silence. West Hollywood: Louis Stern Fine Arts; Orange, CA: Feitelson / Lundeberg Art Foundation, 2014.
  • Malloy, Vanja V., editor. Dimensionism: Modern Art in the Age of Einstein. Amherst: Mead Art Museum, 2018.
  • Kinkel, Marianne. "Cosmic Allegories: Post-Surrealism and Astronomy in Interwar Los Angeles." The Space Between: Literature and Culture, 1914-1945 14 (2018). http://scalar.usc.edu/works/the-space-between-literature-and-culture-1914-1945/vol14_2018_kinkel.
  • Helen Lundeberg: a Retrospective Exhibition. La Jolla, CA: La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, 1971.
  • Trenton, Patricia, ed. Independent Spirits: Women Painters of the American West, 1890-1945. Los Angeles: Autry Museum of Western Heritage, 1995.
  • Duncan, Michael.  Post Surrealism.  Logan, UT: Utah State University, 2002.
  • Stein, Donna. "The Art of Helen Lundeberg: Illuminating Portraits." Woman's Art Journal 27, no.1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 10-16.
  • LACMA: Obras Maestras 1750-1950: Pintura Estadounidense Del Museo De Arte Del Condado De Los Angeles. Mexico, D.F.: Museo Nacional de Arte, 2006.
  • Fort, Ilene Susan, Tere Arcq, with Terri Geis, eds. In Wonderland:  the Surrealist Adventures of Women Artists in Mexico and the United States. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Munich; New York: Prestel, 2012.
  • Moran, Diane. "Post-surrealism: the Art of Lorser Feitelson and Helen Lundeberg." Arts Magazine 57, no.4 (1982): 124-128.
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