Beckmann sold this painting soon after it was finished to the art dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt, who kept it until the end of his life. Gurlitt was a complicated figure; he bought art the Nazis considered “degenerate” from desperate sellers and acquired Nazi-approved works for Hitler’s planned museum in Linz. Beckmann, however, considered Gurlitt fair, and noted that the dealer had promoted his art during difficult times.
Wall label, 2021.
Göpel, Erhard and Barbara Göpel. Katalog und Dokumentation. Vol. 1 of Max Beckmann: Katalog der Gemälde. Bern: Kornfeld & Cie, 1976.
Göpel, Erhard, and Barbara Göpel. Tafeln und Bibliographie. Vol. 2 of Max Beckmann: Katalog der Gemälde. Bern: Kornfeld & Cie,1976.
- Moderne Kunst VII. Lugano: Galerie Roman Norman Ketterer, 1971.
- Gifts from Mary and Robert Looker, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, December 2017. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2017.