Second Intermediate Period

Second Intermediate Period
4 records
15th - 17th Dynasty (1665-1569 BCE)

During the Second Intermediate Period, political rule in Egypt was again fragmented. Not only were there competing Egyptian rulers, but in this period Egypt was invaded by a foreign population from the Levant known as the Hyksos. The Hyksos made their capital in the Delta region at Avaris and constantly competed with native Egyptian rulers for control over Egypt—they even formed an alliance with Nubian rulers on Egypt’s southern border in order to help them maintain military control of the country. Although the Hyksos rulers followed the customs of Egyptian kingship, the Egyptians wanted a native Egyptian to rule as king and resistance to the rule of the Hyksos continued. Eventually the Theban ruler Ahmose’s army defeated the Hyksos and he reunited Egypt under his rule, forming the 18th Dynasty and founding the New Kingdom—a period that would become known as the golden age of ancient Egypt.

- Amber Myers Wells, (2006)