Ptolemaic Period

Ptolemaic Period
4 records
(332-31 BCE)

Egypt was under Persian rule from 343 B.C.E. until 332 B.C.E. when Alexander the Great drove them out of Egypt. When Alexander died, his general Ptolemy was given control over Egypt and founded the Ptolemaic Dynasty, ushering in Macedonian rule. Greek settlers came to Egypt in this period, creating an interesting mix of Greek and Egyptian cultures. Even though the Ptolemies presented themselves as Egyptian pharaohs, their primary cultural influence was Greek. Egypt became a part of the Hellenistic world, and the city of Alexandria in the north became known as a center of knowledge and culture. In 31 B.C.E. the Roman emperor Octavian defeated Cleopatra VII, the last ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, and Antony at the battle of Actium, an event that signaled the beginning of Roman rule in Egypt.

- Amber Myers Wells, (2006)