Amun: Ram

Amun: Ram
1 record
Amun, Amun-Re: King of the gods (Ram)

The god Amun was one of the most important deities of ancient Egypt. He is the first god mentioned in the Pyramid Texts, ancient Egypt’s earliest written collection of funerary spells that dates to the Old Kingdom. Amun was the local god of the Theban region (located in the south near modern Luxor) from at least the early Middle Kingdom on. As a result, when kings from the Theban area came to power, they elevated Amun to the status of supreme god of the Egyptian pantheon. Due to the elevation of his divine status by the close association with kingship, Amun’s role expanded to include many aspects. He was a god of hidden things (his name, Amun, means hidden), a creator god, a solar god (especially in his form as Amun-Re), a fertility god, a warrior god, and a universal god in the sense that the Egyptians thought of him as a god who exists in all things.

Usually Amun is represented in the form of a human with a distinctive double-plumed crown and standing in a striding pose. He is also frequently depicted seated on a throne, a pose reflecting his elevated status among the gods and his close relationship to the king. The animal particularly associated with Amun was the ram, and he was sometimes shown in composite form with the body of a human and the head of a ram.