Art and Industry: Responses to Mechanization

Art and Industry: Responses to Mechanization
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While the Arts and Crafts movement was in large part a reaction to industrialization, it was neither anti-industrial nor antimodern. Its adherents believed that machines were necessary, but they should only be used to relieve the tedium of mindless, repetitive tasks. At the same time, Arts and Crafts leaders felt that objects should be affordable. The conflict between quality production and democratic design, and the attempt to reconcile the two, dominated design debate at the turn of the last century.

- Wendy Kaplan (2005)